USES AND BENEFITS OF SKIN CARE OILS- COMPARISON OF FATTY ACIDS COMPOSITION

Most plant parts benefit Human both internally and externally and have been used throughout the world.

Our primary interest is about the plant extracts to use for skin care routine and compare Prickly  Pear seed oil to other carrier oils.


First, let’s have a look at the skin anatomy of the healthy skin.


THE EPIDERMIS: It’s the outermost layer of skin. It’s covered by a layer of lipids and sweat called the acid mantle which has an acidic PH. The lipids in the skin come from the Statum corneum and the sebum from the Sebascus Gland. The sweat comes from the sweat gland


If the PH  is between 4 - 6,5, the skin is protected from fungal, infection and water loss.

When the acid mantle loses its acidity, the skin becomes irritated, sensitive and susceptible to damage and infection.


Statum corneum is designed like a brick and mortar. The mortar is made of complex intercellular lipids that hold the moisture between the bricks. It maintains the water level below and controls and reduces the transepidermal water loss (TEWL).

THE TEWL is the natural moisture flow from deeper skin layers to be lost by evaporation. The bricks form water retaining barrier in the lipid matrix.


Lipids that make up the mortar include:

1- Ceramides ( 40-50%)

2- Cholesterol ( 20-25%)

3- Fatty Acids ( 10-25%)


The mortar serves to prevent water loss and the lipids, and the natural moisturizing factor (NMF) of the Stratum corneum are crucial in maintaining the water level of the skin as well as reducing the transepidermal water loss ( TEWL).

The natural moisturizing factor (NMF is in the Brick) and it attracts and binds water from atmosphere or products ( such as moisturizers, facial oils, creams) applied to the skin.


The lipids serve to prevent water loss from occurring in the NMF.


Fatty acids ( essential fatty acids and non-essential fatty acids)  in the skin lubricate, soften, protect the skin & prevent moisture loss from the skin.


TYPES OF FATTY ACIDS:

-Essential fatty acids: the fatty acids are not synthetized by the body and have a critical role in skin function ( linoleic and alpha-linolenic). We can get them from diet or skin care products.

-The body can produce Non-essential fatty acid.


TYPES OF FACIAL OILS / BODY OILS:


-Nut and seed oils

-Amazonian oils

-Fruit and  plant oils


COMPONENTS OF OILS  AND EFFECT ON SKIN COMPOSITION:

-  A deficiency of lipids in the Statum corneum contribute to dehydrate skins.


- Cause of dryness and dehydration: heat exposure, age, low humidity in the environment, cold heat exposure, indoor heating, diet…


- Factors that can break down protective lipid layers and increase TEWL : long hot shower, chemicals, detergents, sun, skin disorders or skin disease.




BENEFITS AND USES OF CARRIER OILS


COUNTRY OF ORIGIN

OILS

COMPOSITION IN FATTY ACIDS AND VITAMINS

BENEFITS/USES

NORTH AFRICA

SABRAH ( PRICKLY PEAR OIL)

Linoleic acid- 65%

ANTI-AGING, ANTIOXIDANT AND REJUVENATING

Oleic acid:21%

HELPS SKIN DISORDER DISEASE


MOSTLY AN OIL FOR SKIN CARE


SEE MORE BENEFITS HERE

Palmitic acid: 13%

Vitamin E , A & K

NORTH AFRICA

ARGAN OIL

Oleic acid – 43%

MOSTLY AN OIL FOR HAIR CARE


HAIR STRENGTHENING, SPLIT HAIR





Linoleic acid – 37%

Palmitic acid – 12%

Vitamin E & A

ARGENTINA

JOJOBA OIL

Eicosenoic acid – 77%

The Jojoba oil uses are more as NATURAL FUNGICIDE

Erucic acid – 12%

Oleic acid – 9%

BRAZIL

BARU OIL

Linoleic-25,45%

BEST OIL FOR HAIR TREATMENT

Cis-oleic-48%

Palmitic-7%

Vitamin A

BULGARIA

ROSEHIP SEED OIL

Linoleic acid – 47%

SOOTH REDNESS , IRRITATION & SCARS

alpha-Linolenic acid – 29%

ANTI-AGING


STRONG SMELL AND COLOUR STAINING HOWEVER

Oleic acid – 15%

SOUTH AFRICA

MARULA

Oleic- 70%

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY, ANTIMICROBIAL

PROTECT AGAINST ENVIRONMENTAL TOXINS

SOUTH ASIA

TAMANU OIL

Linoleic acid – 38%

ANTI INFLAMMATORY, ANTIOXIDANT, ANTI BACTERIAL

Oleic acid – 34%

HELPS SKIN REGENERATION

Stearic acid – 13%

Palmitic acid – 12%

ASIA

SEABERRY OIL

All fatty acid-18%

HEALING & REJUVENATING

Vitamin A,E, C

NATURAL CLEANSER & EXFOLIATOR

HELPS HEALING BURNS

COSTA RICA

COCONUT OIL

Linoleic acid – 15%

CLEANSING AND NOURISHING FOR SKIN, HAIR, NAILS

Oleic acid – 65%

HELP BALANCE BLOOD SUGAR, CHOLESTEROL

Plamitic acid – 14%

Palmitoleic acid – 6



← Older Post



Leave a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published